By definition, positive-displacement (PD) pumps displace a known quantity of liquid with each revolution of the pumping elements. This is done by trapping liquid between the pumping elements and a stationary casing. Pumping element designs include gears, lobes, rotary pistons, vanes, and screws.
PD pumps are found in a wide range of applications -- chemical-processing; liquid delivery; marine; biotechnology; pharmaceutical; as well as food, dairy, and beverage processing. Their versatility and popularity is due in part to their relatively compact design, high-viscosity performance, continuous flow regardless of differential pressure, and ability to handle high differential pressure.
Pump School® is made up of information from a variety of sources including manufacturers, governmental agencies, industry trade organizations, and common PD industry knowledge.
- Rotary Pump Family Tree
- When to Use a Positive Displacement Pump vs. Centrifugal (pdf)
- Comparing 4 Types of PD Pumps
- Rotary & Centrifugal Pumps
- Pump Sealing Options
- Quick Reference Liquid Guide
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